In a Montessori classroom, children are allowed to choose activities that interest them as individuals while also being expected to adhere to a code of social conduct that is reasonable and age-appropriate. A Montessori classroom contains three main areas of focus with appropriate materials: Practical Life, Sensorial and Academic.
The Practical Life exercises provide meaningful activities for young children who are eager to imitate adults. Materials provided are realistic yet scaled down to child-sized proportions.These areas help children refine their concentration and coordination, build sel-fconfidence and foster a sense of independence.
In the Sensorial area, children learn to develop their powers of observation and sharpen their senses. Children are given opportunities to use a hands-on approach to bringing order to their lives and appreciating their perceptions of the world-at-large.
The Academic exercises are natural extensions of the practical life and sensorial experiences. Children who have learned to listen carefully are able to perceive subtle differences in letter sounds, helping them to learn phonics and, eventually, to read. Discrimination of size learned from building with blocks helps a child master the fine motor skills she will need in order to learn to write. Sorting, counting and measuring all help a child develop mathematical skills.